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Rules in Forming the Plural of Nouns

 RULES IN FORMING PLURAL OF NOUNS

 

A plural noun is a word that indicates that there is more than one person, animal place, thing, or idea. When you talk about more than one of anything, you're using plural nouns. 

 

While many just need 's' added to the end, some do change their endings. Here's a quick guide to figuring it out.

 

1. Add ‘s’ to form the plural of most nouns.

Examples:

         dog-dogs

         cat-cats

 

2. Add ‘es’ to nouns that end in s, ss, x, ch, and sh.

Examples:

         bus-busses

truss – trusses

         tax – taxes

         torch-torches

         bush-bushes

 

3. For nouns that end in ‘y’ with a consonant before the y, change the y to an i and add ies.

Examples:

         city – cities

puppy – puppies

 

        

4. For nouns that end in y with a vowel before the y, just add s.

Examples:

ray – rays

boy – boys

 

5. For nouns that end in f or fe, remove the f or fe and add ves.

Examples:

         wife – wives

wolf – wolves

 

Except for the following:

         Exceptions:

roof – roofs

chef – chefs

belief – beliefs

 

6. For nouns that end with an o, add es.

Examples:

potato – potatoes

tomato – tomatoes

 

Exceptions:

photo – photos

piano – pianos

halo – halos

 

7. Some nouns are irregular and they change spelling to form plural.

Examples:

child – children

mouse – mice

foot – feet

goose – geese

tooth – teeth

man – men

woman – women

 

8. Some nouns have the same form for singular and plural.

Examples:

sheep – sheep

deer –deer

series – series

species – species

 

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